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Basics of Tree Pruning Understanding how fruit tree is grown is essential in learning how to properly prune fruit trees. One of the basic things you should know about your tree and its fruit is that it is composed of two parts. Most fruit trees that you will see are grafted. Usually, the bottom part is from a tree that bears fruit poorly, while the top part is from a tree that produces good fruit. The best fruit bearing trees are often produced as a result of grafting. What is important is to have a healthy tree to prune properly for it to bear more fruit.
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Let’s begin with a bare rooted tree. Trimming bare rooted trees is the first step in planting. If your tree was grown in a pot, cutbacks may not be needed. Cutbacks are necessary if a fruit tree has been dug from its original location.
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You can prune the top part of the tree together with its roots after you have gotten them. Cut away all roots that are broken or that have crooked edges. This helps them heal evenly. The top part must be cut away slightly in order for the surface to become even. A fruit tree with no side branches needs to be cutback by a third of its height. A fruit tree that is six feet long should be cut about two feet, leaving four feet of tree to be transplanted. The tree should be cut slightly above the bud for best results. Trees that have branches should be trimmed by cutting off broken branches, withered branches, and branches that are almost touching the ground. As you have done to the top of the tree, cut all branches that remain by a third of its length. In order for the new branches to spread outward and not inward in the direction of the trunk, make your cuts on an outer bud. There are a few other things you need to do, if you have just gotten your tree. However, in addition, you also need to remember to soak bare rooted trees for some time in water. Keep in mind also that you need good quality soil and proper depth for your new fruit tree. In order to save you from extensive labor later, learn to snip and pinch your fruit tree on its first year. It is good to visualize your tree in its maturity while it is still young to motivate you to trim it and snip off its buds. Focus on shaping the tree on its first year by pruning its branches and keeping them few. The fruit your tree produces at this time ripens better. It is true however that some trees are harder to shape than others. It takes time to master the art of pruning, but when you master it, your tree will yield more fruit to your satisfaction.